Food addiction is a complex and controversial concept that suggests certain individuals may exhibit addictive behaviors and cravings related to specific foods, often high in sugar, fat, or salt. While not officially recognized as a mental disorder, some research explores the neurological and psychological mechanisms behind this phenomenon and its potential impact on public health. Recent research on food addiction has revealed the impact of highly processed and hyper-palatable foods on brain circuits associated with reward and craving, providing insights into the mechanisms that drive overeating. Furthermore, investigations into the gut-brain connection have highlighted the role of the microbiome in regulating appetite and food preferences, potentially contributing to the development of food addiction. Behavioral and cognitive studies are also focusing on innovative interventions and therapies to address this complex issue and promote healthier eating habits. This session aims to delve into various critical aspects related to food addiction and its impact.