The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Addiction is defined as a constantly persistent, relapsing mental disorder. It is considered a mental disorder because drugs change the function of the brain and its structure . These brain changes can be long-lasting, and can lead to the harmful behaviors .Most abused drugs produce intense feelings of pleasure. The initial decision to take drugs is typically voluntary. The common characteristic of all addictive substances is that they activate the brain’s reward system, either directly or indirectly. The positive and negative consequences of substance use vary greatly depending on the specific drug being used. The primary features of substance use disorders are a mixture of cognitive, behavioral, and physiological symptoms.
- Track 1-1Adolescence stage
- Track 1-2Psychological behavioral change
- Track 1-3Neurotransmitters
Narcotics refers to opium derivatives, and their semi-synthetic substitutes.It is an addictive drug affecting mood or behaviour. This drug which induces drowsiness, insensibility, and relieves pain. Depressants can produce depression, chronic fatigue, breathing difficulties, sexual problems and sleep problems. Stimulants, sometimes called “uppers,” temporarily increase alertness and energy. A hallucinogen is a psychoactive agent which can cause hallucinations, perceptual anomalies, and other substantial subjective changes in thoughts, emotion, and consciousness. Anabolic steroids are synthetic variations of the male sex hormone testosterone.
- Track 2-1Narcotics
- Track 2-2Depressants
- Track 2-3Stimulants
- Track 2-4Hallucinogens
Distress, Mental illness, Low self-esteem, Poverty, Relationship problems, Loss of loved one, Chronic pain or medical conditions, Peer pressure, to feel good, Legality(for example the alcohol and nicotine are legal drugs), Inadequate parental supervision and monitoring,shortage of communication and interaction between parents and kids, family dispute.
- Track 3-1Genetical and Environmental factors
- Track 3-2Early exposure to drugs
- Track 3-3Peer pressure
Addiction is an insidious disease. Your recovery process begins with you initiating professional treatment.Once you have fully committed yourself to the treatment of your addiction, you are in the second stage of recovery, known as early abstinence. During the early abstinence stage, your trained addiction counselor will begin to teach you the coping skills needed to lead a clear lifestyle.After 90 days of continual abstinence from drugs or alcohol, you move to the third stage of recovery maintaining abstinence. If you are in a residential treatment facility, now is the time you move to the outpatient counseling phase of your recovery program.Once you’ve remained clean and clear headed for approximately five years, you enter the fourth and final stage of recovery advanced recovery. At this point, you take all of the tools and skills you learned throughout your counseling and put them to use living a satisfying and fulfilling substance-free life.
- Track 4-1Treatment initiation
- Track 4-2Early abstinence
- Track 4-3Maintaining abstinence
- Track 4-4Advanced recovery
Deaths, illnesses and disabilities, Weaken the immune system, increasing susceptibility to infections, Cause nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
- Track 5-1Health problems
- Track 5-2Effects on the brain
- Track 5-3Behavioral problems
- Track 5-4Birth defects
- Track 5-5Bilateral disorders
- Track 5-6Neurocognitive disorder
Drug rehabilitation is the mental therapeutic treatment for addiction on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and illegal drugs. No single treatment is right for everyone. Counseling and other behavioral therapies are the most commonly used forms of treatment. Treatment should address other possible mental disorders.
- Track 6-1Medical Detoxification
- Track 6-2Cognitive behavioral therapy
- Track 6-3Motivational enhancement therapy
- Track 6-4Music and art therapy
- Track 6-5Aroma therapy
- Track 6-6Yoga therapy
- Track 6-7Brain Resource therapy
- Track 6-8Stress Management
This is a the collaboration where people live together as a form of therapy. Such environments are drug free and highly structured. Within such a community the individual can feel safe to explore new surviving mechanisms and learn to cooperate with other people. Therapeutic communities (TCs) are a common form of long-term residential treatment for substance use disorders (SUDs)Overall, studies find that therapeutic community (TC) participants show improvements in substance abuse, criminal behavior, and mental health symptoms.
- Track 7-1Integrate services
- Track 7-2Communicate with other agencies
- Track 7-3Be organized
- Track 7-4Be predictable
- Track 7-5Outcome measures
Self help is the act of helping or ameliorate without depending onothers. For many people it involves joining a fellowship of people who are dealing with a similar problem. These groups do not rely on professional guidance but instead the members support each other. Examples of self help treatments would include: 12 Step programs such as Alcoholics Anonymous are the most well known of all the self help groups. Self Management and Recovery Training (SMART) which aims to make use of the latest scientific research. Rational Recovery emphasizes the need for each individual to take charge of their own life. This approach does not promote support group attendance because it may reinforce the idea that the individual is an addict. There are many books that claim to help people give up their addiction without any formal treatment or help from recovery groups.
- Track 8-1Replacing drug using activities
- Track 8-2Building interpersonal skills
- Track 8-3Problem solving skills
- Track 8-4Concentrated in interested activities
Social support can be a very robust and favourable force in the recovery process. The benefits of social support are many. a sense of belongingness and inclusion, a sense of safety and security, reduced stress, decreased isolation and loneliness, an enhanced sense of meaning and purpose, hope and optimism about the future, the opportunity to escape the narrow world of one's own concerns social support can counteract shame, isolation and secrecy.Providing valuable information, Providing necessary or desirable resources, Providing emotional support.
- Track 9-1Sense of safety and security
- Track 9-2Reduced stress
- Track 9-3Decreased loneliness and isolation
- Track 9-4Hope and optimism about the future
Impulsivity is said to be one of the most common traits among addicts. A compulsion is the irresistible urge to do something. A large number of addicts place a high value on nonconformity and pride themselves on being different than others. Low self-esteem is something that affects far more people than you may realise. Again, we come back to the inability to delay gratification, People who are antisocial stemming from nonconformity, anxiety, Lying and deceit, Changes in normal behavior, Continuation despite negative consequences.
- Track 10-1Denial
- Track 10-2Anti social
- Track 10-3Impulsive behaviour
- Track 10-4Compulsive behaviour
- Track 10-5Disability to deal with pressure
- Track 10-6Low self esteem
- Track 10-7Lack of Patience
Drug addiction is a pathological condition. Drug is a substance that alters the normal body function resulting in psychological or behavioural change. Drug abuse is an increasingly common occurrence. Tobacco/nicotine is the most abused drugs in the world. Now a days Research is showing that women are affected worse by alcohol than men. Prescription drugs are abused in nearly every country in the world. Opiates, stimulants, and depressants are the most common types. Cocaine is made in South American countries and is highly addictive. Crack is made from Cocaine, the effects are similar, but crack is cheaper and is said to be more addicting. Crack is heavily abused in the United States.
- Track 11-1Marijuana
- Track 11-2Cocaine
- Track 11-3Tobacco(Nicotine)
- Track 11-4Painkillers
- Track 11-5Heroin
- Track 11-6Sedatives (barbiturates)
- Track 11-7Benzodiazepines
- Track 11-8Alcohol
Physical warnings: Bloodshot or glazed eyes, Dilated or constricted pupils, Abrupt weight changes, Bruises, infections or other physical signs at the drug’s entrance site on the body. Changes in attitude/personality.
Behavioural warnings: idleness, low spirits, Sudden changes in a social network, Financial problems, Involvement in criminal activity.
- Track 12-1Deterioration of physical appearence
- Track 12-2Falling asleep
- Track 12-3Tremors
- Track 12-4Sudden weight loss or weight gain
- Track 12-5Slurred speech
The first stage of drug experimentation is defined as the use of alcohol or illicit/mood altering drugs at any time for experimentation. The second stage Social drug use is the use of any drug or combination of drugs in social situations, or for social reasons. The third stage Examples of problem use or risky use of drugs and or alcohol include binge drinking and drug abuse. Finally As a result of this disease, addicted people are unable to control their use of substances despite the negative consequences that occur as a result.
- Track 13-1Experimentation
- Track 13-2Regular use of drugs
- Track 13-3Substance abuse
- Track 13-4Chemical Dependancy
- Track 13-5Drug and alcohol detox
After the recovery we can see the differences in Dizziness, Managing anger, Changes in the behaviour and the physical health, Drowsiness, Slurred speech, Lack of coordination, Irritability, anxiety, Changes in heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature, distaste or vomiting with weight loss, Impaired judgment.
- Track 14-1Early abstinence
- Track 14-2Sense of responsibility
- Track 14-3Range of emotions
- Track 14-4Intimacy
The Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST) was flourish in 1982 and is still an magnificent screening tool. Regular screenings in primary care and other health care settings enables earlier identification of mental health and substance use disorders, which translates into earlier care. Screenings should be provided to people of all ages, even the young and the elderly. Some of the tools include Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test(AUDIT), Drug Screening Questionnaire(DSQ), Drug Abuse Screening Test(DAST) etc.
- Track 15-1Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test(AUDIT)
- Track 15-2Severity Of Alcohol Dependence Questionnaire(SADQ)
- Track 15-3Drug Abuse Screening Test(DAST)
- Track 15-4Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale(COWS)
- Track 15-5Cannabis Use Disorder Identification Test-Revised(CUDIT-R)
- Track 15-6Amphetamine Withdrawal Questionnaire(AWQ)